Ferrar Fenton Bible

The Holy Bible in Modern English by Ferrar Fenton contains the complete sacred Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments translated into English direct from the original Hebrew Chaldee and Greek. Mr. Fenton explained how he came to take up this arduous work: “In the year 1853 there was inspired in my mind by what appeared to be a mere accident a resolve to study the Bible absolutely in its original languages to ascertain what its writers actually said and taught. … I at once threw myself into the stream of the suggestion and registered a vow that I would never again read the Gospels or Christian Documents of our Faith in any language but Greek until I had learned to think in that tongue and it had become as familiar to me as the diction of an English newspaper.”

The Holy Bible in Modern English by Ferrar Fenton
(1910)

Leviticus 11

Clean and Unclean Foods.

1 Then the EVER-LIVING spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them ;–

2 “Speak to the children of Israel to command ;–

“These are what you may eat of all the animals that are upon the earth :–

The Laws of Animal Food.

3 “All that have hoofs, and divide the hoofs, and chew the cud ;– you may eat those beasts:–

4 “But you shall not eat of those that chew the cud, and do not divide the hoof ;–

“The camel ; for it chews the cud, but has not divided the hoof. It is unclean to you ;–

5 “And the jerboa, for it chews the cud, but has not a divided hoof ;– it is unclean to you ;

6 “And the Leaper, [note 1] for it chews the cud, but has not a divided hoof ; it is unclean to you ;

7 “And the swine ; although it has hoofs, and divides the hoof, but it does not chew the cud ; it is unclean to you ;–

8 “You shall not eat of their flesh, nor touch their carcases ; they are unclean to you ;

Clean Fish.

9 “You may eat of all these that are in the waters ;–

“All that have fins and scales, in the waters, and the seas, and the rivers ; you may eat them.

10 “But all that have not fins and scales on them in the waters, and rivers, of all the swarms of waters, and of every form of life that is in the waters, they must be loathsome to you ; 11 and their flesh shall be loathsome to you. You shall not eat of their carcases ; you shall loathe them. 12 All in the waters that have not fins and scales, shall be loathsome to you.

Unclean and Clean Birds

13 “And these shall be loathsome to you among the birds. You shall not eat them ; they are loathsome. The eagle, and the osprey, and the fishhawk ; 14 the kite, and the vulture species ; 15 and all the raven species ; 16 and the ostrich, and the goatsucker, and the seagull and the buzzard species ; 17 and the pelican, and the gannet, and the owl ; 18 and the crested owl, and the turkey buzzard, and the carrion-eagle ; 19 and the stork, and snorter species ; and hoopoo, and the bat ; 20 and every winged reptile that crawls shall be loathsome to you.

21 “However you may eat of these ; of all the swarms of wing that crawl, that have knees above their feet to leap upon the earth, 22 you may eat these from among them ; the locust kind, and the cockchafer kind ; and the grasshopper kind ; 23 but all the winged-breed that crawls on its feet shall be loathsome to you, 24 and they defile. All who touch their dead bodies are unclean until the evening. 25 And anyone who carries their carcases shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening.

26 “Besides every beast that has hoofs, but does not divide its hoofs, and does not chew the cud ; they are unclean to you. All who touch them are unclean.

27 “And everything that goes upon its paws ; every insect that goes on all fours ;–they are unclean to you : everyone who touches their dead bodies is unclean, 28 and whoever carries their dead bodies shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening. They are unclean to you.

Unclean Vermin

29 “These also are unclean to you of the species breeding upon the earth ; the mole, and the mouse, and the lizard species ; 30 the groaner, and the panter, and the shrew, and the ignanodon, and the camelion. 31 These are unclean to you in all their breeds ; all touching them when dead shall be unclean until the evening ; 32 and all who eat of them when dead are unclean ; and all upon which any of them may fall, and any vessel of wood, or clothing, or skin, or a sack,–any article that is made use of,–shall be put into water, and be unclean until the evening ;–then pure. 33 And any vessel of earthenware that they fall into, all that they fall into, is unclean, and it shall be broken ; 34 and all food that they have gnawed, or their water falls upon, is unclean ; and any cup from which they drink, of all vessels, is unclean. 35 And any thing upon which their dead bodies may fall is unclean ;–pan, or tub–it shall be broken. They are unclean and shall be unclean unto you. 36 Except a spring, or a well, or reservoir of water ;–they shall be pure :–but all touching their dead bodies are unclean. 37 But if their dead bodies fall upon any grain to be used for seed that is to be sown, it is pure. 38 Also if you have put water upon the seed, after their dead bodies fall upon it, it is unclean to you.

Cattle dying of Disease Unclean.

39 “And when any of the cattle, that you possess for food dies, whoever touches its carcase is unclean until the evening ; 40 and whoever eats from its carcase shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening ; 41 and whoever carries the carcase shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening.

All Reptiles are Unclean

“All vermin, also, of the vermin on the earth shall be loathsome ; it shall not be eaten.

42 “Everything going upon its belly ; and everything going by crawling upon many feet, of all the vermin of the vermin of the earth, you shall not eat, for they are loathsome. 43 You shall not make yourselves loathsome with the bodies of any of the spawn of the vermin, and you shall not defile yourselves with them, nor be defiled by them ; 44 for I am your EVER-LIVING GOD, Who sanctifies you, and you shall be healthy; for I am HOLY, and you shall not defile yourselves or your lives by any of the vermin that crawls upon the earth ; 45 for the EVER-LIVING brought you from the land of itzer to be a GOD to you ; so you must be healthy ;–for I am HOLY.

46 “These are the laws about cattle, and birds, and every animal life that crawls in the waters, and every animal life that spawns upon the land ; 47 with the difference between the unclean and the pure, and between the animals for food, and the animals that are not for food.”

Note 1: In Hebrew “Arnabeth” means a Leaper usually rendered “hare,” but more probably the Kangaroo.–F.F.

Leviticus 11:47
Leviticus 11:47
Other Versions of Leviticus 11:

The Geneva Bible (1599)

King James Bible (1611)

Jerusalem Bible: Reader’s Edition (1985)

The Tanakh (1985)

Biblia Nueva Vida (NVI 2000)